Security audits are systematic evaluations of enterprise security. They cover everything and measure how the company conforms to criteria that have been set and established.
A proper and thorough audit will assess the security of the environment, the physical configuration of the system, the software, handing processes for information and data, and user practices.
The audits will often be carried out as a way of checking that the enterprise is conforming to regulatory compliance practices, especially with legislation like SOX, HIPAA and the California Security Breach Information Act, all of which lay out how businesses have to deal with information.
Security audits are used to measure the performance of an information system and the following are generally covered, sometimes under one large enterprise audit, sometimes separately.
Network security audits analyze the security on a network, studying and gathering data to ascertain whether it is healthy and follows the requirements of the organization
Data Security audits assess that information held by the enterprise, how that data flows and who has access to it.
Physical security audits are designed to assess the best mixture of systems and equipment to protect the physical security of an enterprise, including site inspections, premises inspections and checking over existing security systems
OS level security audits are designed to check over an operating system and software to ensure that they are secure and safe from attack or unauthorized access. People don’t tend to look beyond the operating system but there are many ways for an attack to happen and the audit will determine where they are and if sufficient protection is in place
Hardware security audits check out critical electronic devices, computer hardware, and other hardware in place within the enterprise to ensure it is protected from unauthorized access.
Software security audits run tests and checks to ensure that all software and applications use on the system are secure and have no vulnerabilities that can be exploited. They will also check to make sure that no unauthorized software is being used on the system and that there is no way for unauthorized software to be downloaded without explicit permission
Information security audits monitor and test the systems in place for the protection of information within the enterprise and to ensure that all regulatory compliance is being followed correctly.
These check that adequate security protection is in place on cloud services to ensure that a breach cannot happen or data cannot be lost or stolen from the cloud in any way
Email security audits are designed to check that company email is being used in the right way and that protections are in place against SPAM and phishing attacks. It also checks that email security is in place to stop viruses from being downloaded and that secure and sensitive information is not being shared with unauthorized persons.
Database security audits are crucial to database security and compliance with the regulations issued by the governments.
Cyber-security is something that requires constant vigilance and regular auditing to ensure that the entire system is safe from hackers and viruses. The audit will also check that the enterprise has the correct insurances in place, such as Cyber Liability Insurance, to protect the company after a breach of the system.