Put simply, data security is nothing more than keeping your data protected from unauthorized access and from corruption. Your focus should be on maintaining complete privacy while providing full protection for all enterprise data.
The data is the raw information that is stored in your databases as columns and rows or stored in your servers and computers.
That data could be anything, from personnel files right up to top secret or sensitive company data but no matter what it is, it all has to be protected.
Not all of the data you store is meant to leave your system and unauthorized access to it can cause a large number of problems for the company.
It doesn’t matter whether it is client information or bank details; every piece of data on your systems should be secure.
It won’t have escaped your notice that, just recently, there has been a lot of focus and emphasis on data security, mainly because of the internet and a large number of high-profile attacks that have taken place over the last few years.
There are quite a few options at your disposal for locking down data, from hardware mechanisms to software solutions. While most computer users tend to be more aware these days, can you really be sure that your data is completely safe?
The following guidelines should all be a part of your data security policy:
Encryption is one of the most critical of all the security options. It uses algorithms and mathematical schemes to scramble up the data into text that is unreadable. That text can then only be decrypted by the person that has the correct key.
Full-Disk Encryption (FDE) provides some of the best protection available today, enabling you to encrypt every single piece of data on a hard drive or disk.
Using hardware solutions in conjunction with software provides some of the most powerful protection and is often termed as endpoint full disk encryption.
Strong User Authentication
Authentication is a data security act that we come across every single time we log on to a computer. Single sign-on is a form of authentication that lets a user login once and gain access to applications, folders, files, in some cases, the entire computer system.
Once logged in, the user will have a number of privileges, set by admin, until they log out again or the system can be set to log out after the computer has been idle for a set amount of time. That means the user has to log back in to prove their authentication.
Single sign-on is a part of a strong user authentication scheme but it requires multiple factors for logging in, such as passwords, biometric authentication, one single password or a smart card.
All the data security in the world won’t be effective if you don’t have a solution for backing up your data.
You might think that it is all secure and locked down tight but, if there is even a tiny chink in the armor that surrounds it, it can be compromised and you can lose everything.
You might be targeted with malware that destroys your data or someone could gain access to the systems and steal your data. Having a fast backup system helps you to restore any lost data instead of having to start all over again.